Parashat Vayakhel

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Parashat Vayakhel is the tenth parsha in the Book of Shemos and most years is read along with Parshas Pikuday. It contains 122 pesukim. For the Haftora, the story of Shlomos creation of the Beis Hamikdosh is read.


[edit] Shabbos Warning

Moshe assembled the Jews on the day after Yom Kippor, following his descent from Har Sinai,[1] attaining forgiveness for the sin of the golden calf and instructs them not to desecrate the Shabbos for the construction of the Mishkan.[2] On the six week days work can be done but the seventh day should be sanctified. It is to be a day of complete rest, whoever performs work on this day will be put to death. He specifically points out the transgression of igniting fires on Shabbos.

[edit] Requested Donations

Moshe asks the Jews in the name of Hashem to donate the materials need for the Mishkan’s construction out of the generosity of their hearts.

  1. Gold
  2. Silver
  3. Copper
  4. Blue Wool
  5. Purple Wool
  6. Crimson Wool
  7. Linen
  8. Goat Hair
  9. Ram Skins Dyed Red
  10. Tachash Skins
  11. Shitim Wood
  12. Oil for lighting
  13. Spices for the anointing oil and incense
  14. Shoham stones for ephod
  15. Gemstones for choshen.

[edit] Job of Wise Hearted

Moshe invites the men who are wise in their hearts to assist in the creation of the Mishkan. They are to create...

  1. Mishkan Coverings
    1. Lower coverings of the Mishkan[3] that could be seen looking upwards from inside
    2. Goat hair tent like cover that goes above it,[3]
    3. Cover of ram and tachash skins
  2. Mishkan Pieces
    1. Kirasim Clasps
    2. Kirashim Planks
    3. Brichim Bars
    4. Amudim Pillars
    5. Adonim Sockets
  3. Aron Ark,
    1. Aron Badim Poles
    2. Its Kapores Cover
  4. Paroches Dividing Curtain
  5. Shulchan Table
    1. Its Badim Poles
    2. Its Kalim Vessels
    3. Lechem Hapanim Showbread (which was shaped like a box without a cover and had faces looking in both directions)[4]
  6. Menorah Lamp for lighting
    1. Its Kalim Vessels (Its Malkachaim Tongs and Machtos Scoops)[5]
    2. Menorah Neros Lamp cups in which the oil and wicks are placed.[5]
    3. Oil for lighting that was created through a very selective purification process, requiring the knowledge of the wise hearted men[5]
  7. Mizbeach HaKetores Incense Altar
    1. Its Badim Poles
  8. Shemen Hamishcha Anointing Oil
  9. Ketores Hasamim Incense
  10. Masach Screen for the entrance on the eastern side of the Mishkan which had no beams and curtains[6]
  11. Mezbeach Haolah Altar for burnt offering
    1. Its Michbar Copper Grating
    2. Its Poles
    3. Its Kalim Vessel
  12. Kiyor Washstand
    1. Its Kano Base
  13. Courtyard Klaim Hangings
    1. Its Amudim Pillars
    2. Its Adonim Sockets
  14. Masech Screen Gate for the eastern side Courtyard, covering the middle 20 cubits of the courtyard's 50 cubit width, with 15 cubits closed off on each of its two sides.[7]
  15. Mishkan Yesedos Pegs
  16. Courtyard Yesedos Pegs, which were driven into the ground and tied to the ends of the curtains so that they would not move with the wind.[8]
    1. Its Masray Ropes used to tie the curtains[8]
  17. Begdi Srad Meshwork Garments used for the holy service of covering the ark, table, menorah and altars while the Jews traveled.[9]
  18. Begdi Kodesh Holy Garments for Aaron the Kohen Gadol
    1. Garments of his Sons

[edit] Donations

After departing from Moshe's assembly the Jews start donating all the materials needed for the Ohel Moed, its service and holy garments. Men came with the women and every generous hearted person brought bracelets, earrings, rings, buckles along with all kinds of golden objects. Every man who possessed blue, purple, or crimson wool, linen, goat hair, red dyed ram skins, tachash skins, silver, copper, Shitim wood, spices and oil, brought them. Every wise hearted woman spun with her hands and brought spun blue, purple and crimson wool, and linen. Women whose hearts uplifted them with wisdom, spun the goat hair while still on the backs of the goats, requiring great skill.[10].

The Nessim had refrained from donating anything to the Mishkan, thinking that when everyone in the Nation would finish giving they would supply whatever else remained. When the Jews donated all that was needed, the Nessim were left with nothing to bring so they brought the shoham stones and gemstones for the ephod and for the choshen. Since they were lazy a letter is missing from their name here, (וְהַנְשִׂיאִם is written instead of וְהַנְשִׂיאִים with additional “yud”). When it came time for the dedication of the alter they brought sacrifices first to make up for this.[11]

[edit] Betzalel and Oholiav

Moshe tells the Jews how Hashem had selected Betzalel, the son of Uri, the son of Chur, the son of Miriam[12] and Kalev from the tribe of Yehuda, calling him by name and imbued him with the spirit of Hashem, wisdom, insight, knowledge, and talent for all types of craftsmanship. As well as to do master weaving, work with gold, silver and copper, cutting of stones for setting, woodworking, and ability to work with all types of thoughtful work.

Oholiav the son of Achisamach from the tribe of Dun was appointed to assist Betzalel. Although the tribe of Dan was from the lowest of the tribes which originated from the handmaiden Bilah, Hashem equated Oholiav in the building of the Mishkan to Betzalel who was from Yehuda, the greatest of the tribes.[13] Hashem put in their hearts the ability to teach. Hashem imbued them with wisdom of the heart to do all sorts of work of craftsmen, master workers and embroiderers of blue, purple, and crimson wool and linen and weavers.

Along with Betzalel and Oholiav every wise hearted man whom Hahsem had imbued with wisdom and insight to know how to do, was commanded to do all the work of the Mishkan according to what Hashem had commanded.

The wise men agree to assist. Bitzalel and Ahaliav are granted profound wisdom. Bitzalel proceeds to train others in the job necessary for the building of Mishkan.

[edit] Construction of Mishkan

[edit] Ending the Collection

Moshe called Betzalel and Ohaoviav and all the wise men who were given wisdom in their hearts by Hashem and had volunteered to work. They took from Moshe all the donations given by the Jews for the construction of the Mishkan. Each morning the donations continued to poor in as the Jews brought additional gifts for the Mishkan.

The wise men collect the donated materials, which continue to pour in even when no more is needed. Moshe announces an end to the collection and the wise men begin their work.

[edit] Creation of the Coverings

  1. First covering – Yerious created using Chosev weaving process
  2. Second covering – Yerious Izzim, made from goat hair
  3. Third covering – Micseh Oras Alim Meduamim – created from red dyed ram skin
  4. Forth covering – Michseh Oras TIchashim – created from skin of mythical Tachash creature.

[edit] Creation of Beams

  1. Kirashim beams created and plated in gold
  2. Brichim
  3. Adanim
  4. Tabaot

[edit] Creation of Parochet & Curtains

  1. Parochet curtain created using the Chosev weaving process. Four pillars are created to hold it up at the entrance of the Kodesh Hakodashim.
  2. Masach curtains are created using the Rokem weaving process. Five pillars are created to hold it up at the entrance to Ohel Moed.

[edit] Construction of Vessels

  1. Aron
    1. Badim
    2. Kapores
    3. Kruvim
  2. Shulchan
    1. Badim
    2. Kalim
  3. Menorah
    1. Malkachos
    2. Machtos
  4. Mizbeach HaKetoret
    1. Badim
  1. Shemen Hamishcha
  2. Ketoret Hasamim
  3. Mizbeach HaNichoshet
    1. Kallim
    2. Badim
  4. Kiyor
    1. Kano

[edit] Construction of Courtyard

  1. Courtyard is created measuring 100 cubits by 50 cubits. It is surrounded by woven curtains, held by pillars, attached to them by hooks.
  2. Masach curtain for courtyard entrance is created and held up by four pillars.
  3. Pegs and hooks are created.

[edit] References

  1. ^ Rashi Shemos 35:1
  2. ^ Rashi Shemos 35:2
  3. ^ a b Rashi Shemos 35:11
  4. ^ Rashi Shemos 35:13
  5. ^ a b c Rashi Shemos 35:14
  6. ^ Rashi Shemos 35:16
  7. ^ Rashi Shemos 35:17
  8. ^ a b Rashi Shemos 35:18
  9. ^ Rashi Shemos 35:19
  10. ^ Rashi Shemos 35:26
  11. ^ Rashi Shemos 35:27
  12. ^ Rashi SHemos 3:30
  13. ^ Rashi SHemos 3:34
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