Noach was a righteous man, with good deeds, the main generations of the righteous. He was perfect in his generations who walked in the ways of Hashem who encouraged him, unlike Avraham who would strengthened himself in his righteousness. If Noach would have lived in the Generation of Avraham in some ways he would have been more righteous but in other ways he would not have been considered of any importance. Noach had three sons; Shem, Cham, and Yafes.
The world became corrupted with immorality idolatry and full of robbery. These were all caused by their opposition to the Tzadikim of their generation; Mesushelach and Noach, and not receiving their oral teaching of Holiness leading them to twist all the teachings. Hashem saw the corruption and how all creatures including cattle, beasts and birds had corrupted their ways by mating with members of other species.
Hashem told Noach that he plans on destroying all life on the world due to their immorality and idolatry which brings death to the world, killing both good and bad. Despite this their final verdict was sealed only because of mass robbery. Even the earth would be destroyed, blotted out and obliterated to the depth of a plowshare, 3 Tefachim, roughly a foot (27 cm).
Instruction of Ark
Hashem told Noach to make for himself an ark of gopher wood, which sounds like gophris - sulphur which they were decreed to be destroyed with. He should make the ark with compartments which would serve as dwelling places for the domestic animals and wild beasts. He was to caulk it both inside and outside with pitch, due to the strength of the water. Moshe's ark which was in calm waters was coated with clay inside and pitch only on the outside. Also so the righteous Moshe should not smell the bad odor of pitch.
Noach was to size it: 300 cubits long, 50 cubits wide and 30 cubits high. He was to make a window which would server as a skylight for the ark as well as a precious stone, which would generate light.
Its roof should slant upwards narrowing to the width of one cubit which was flat and was not pointed to the end, so the waters should run down. It should have a door on its side, so that the rain should not enter it. It would have three stories one above the other, a bottom for garbage, second story for animal dwelling, and an upper third story for the people.
Although Hashem had many ways to save Noach, he did so through the ark, giving his generation a chance to repent as they inquired about Noach working on it for 120 years and replied that Hashem planed on bringing a flood to the world.
Permitting of Meat
They were now permitted to eat animal meat which had not been allowed until then, just like they had been permitted to eat vegetation at the time of Adom.
- ^ a b c d e Rashi Berashis 6:9
- ^ a b c Shover Zadim Parshas Noach
- ^ a b c Rashi Berashis 6:11
- ^ a b c Likutay Halachos, Hilchos Reshis Hagaz 5
- ^ Rashi Berashis 6:12
- ^ a b c Rashi Berashis 6:13
- ^ a b c d e f Rashi Berashis 6:14
- ^ a b c d e f Rashi Berashis 6:16
- ^ Rashi Berashis 30